Some wine collectors choose to have their wine racking built by a carpenter. This is one of the most common approaches to wine racking. Generally, carpenters who build wine racks are highly dependent on a detailed design that you provide them. The problem is, most carpenters have no idea of the size of wine bottles, nor about how to size the openings correctly. There have been many cases wherein a carpenter built the openings of the individual racks too big for the bottles. Carpenters, no matter how good they are, are generally very dependent on the design provided to them, and if there is something wrong with the details of the design (e.g. dimensions and measurements), the construction will be faulty.
Planning to have a custom wine cellar in Canada? Whether it’s a commercial or residential wine cellar, there are specifications you need to follow in order to make sure that your wine storage room will function properly. Here are a few construction specifications for wine cellars in Vancouver:
1. Cellar Wall & Ceiling Frame
When building a wine cellar, make sure that the wall framing is built using standard 2×4 or 2×6 construction methods. It’s also imperative that you know and follow the building codes in your area. If metal studs will be used, be sure to place at least 5 rows of nailers horizontally in between studs at the right heights, or attach firing strips on the left edge of the metal studs. These nailers or strips are where the wine racks will be attached, so these have to be very durable.
2. Wine Cellar Vapor Barrier & Insulation
You need to install a vapor barrier and insulation to your custom wine cellar in Vancouver if it is to be chilled. Vapor barriers and insulation make sure that the cold inside the wine storage room is kept inside and remains constant.
In creating vapor barriers, you first need to apply 6-mill plastic sheeting to the warm side of the wine cellar walls. You must apply a vapor barrier on the outside walls and ceiling of your custom wine cellar. Make sure that the seams are taped and sealed before the walls are closed.
In cases wherein it’s not possible to apply a vapor barrier on the outside of the studs or joists, you must apply plastic inside the wine cellar to the outside walls. What most people commonly do is wrap the entire interior of their residential wine cellar in Canada leaving the plastic loose inside the stud cavity. In between the studs, you can apply insulation. It is imperative that all of the cellar’s walls and ceiling are completely wrapped in plastic so that vapor barrier is effective. Insulation for the walls should be R13, or greater while R19 to R30 is best for the ceiling.
3. Custom Wine Cellar Doors
If your custom wine cellar is to be chilled, the exterior grade of your wine cellar door should be solid core 1.75”. You may also choose to have glass on the cellar door; if so, you must use sealed insulated glass. To prevent warm air from penetrating the door, exterior grade weather stripping is also required.
The best type of lights are LED lights, but if you want to use recessed cans and halogen lighting accents, you must have a good wine cellar cooling unit to remove the heat generated by these lights out from the cellar. It is important to consider also that lighting that emits more heat also consumes more power.
Custom wine cellars in Vancouver need to meet a certain standard in order to be suitable for wine storage. It’s not enough that a wine cellar design is pretty. It needs to be designed and built to house wines properly. Wine is a very sensitive beverage. Small mistakes in the building of a wine cellar can potentially damage the wines that will be stored in it.
The following are a few of the most common mistakes that people make when building a custom wine cellar in Canada. Learn about these in order to avoid them.
1. Choosing a Poor Location for the Custom Wine Cellar
The location where a custom wine cellar should be built is commonly taken for granted. It is very important to select a good location for the cellar, both in terms of condition and flow. The location should be away from windows and mechanical rooms because wines are easily ruined when exposed to heat. Choose an area wherein you can build a proper vapor barrier and insulation for the cellar. Lastly, it would be nice to have the wine cellar located in an area that is accessible to guests.
2. Installing an Under-Sized Wine Cellar Refrigeration System
Wine cellar cooling systems are not cheap, but they are necessary for the safety of your wine collection. Sometimes, people settle for a small cooling unit in order to cut down the expenses, only to find themselves facing more costly problems later on. Have a professional calculate the heat load in your custom wine cellar in Richmond so that you can get the proper wine cellar refrigeration unit to provide the correct temperature and humidity to meet your wine storage needs.